A new study conducted by researchers at the University of York has demonstrated that true acupuncture increases the effectiveness of standard medical care for chronic pain - beyond any sham/placebo effect.

The study, based on 29 high quality clinical trials, showed acupuncture reduced the number of headaches and migraine attacks, the severity of neck and lower back pain, and the pain and disability of osteoarthritis, resulting in less reliance on anti-inflammatory medication.

Further, acupuncture was found to be cost-effective. Acupuncture was also found to be both clinically- and cost- effective for depression.

In conclusion, based on current evidence, Acupuncture should be considered as a primary or adjunct therapy for pain.